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“It is possible to construct an apparatus which will be so delicate that if there are personalities in another sphere or existence who wish to get in touch with us in this sphere or existence, this apparatus will at least give them a better opportunity to express themselves than the tilting tables and ouija boards and mediums and other crude methods now purported to be the only means of communication.”
Thomas Edison (Scientific America – early 20 Century)

Unfortunately Thomas Edison did not live long enough to see his prediction come to light. Edison’s prediction is popularly known today as EVP (Electronic Voice Phenomenon).

some cases of EVP are genuine, then it becomes a strong advocate for the survival hypothesis.

The general theory is that EVP is the voice recording of intelligent personalities of deceased physical human beings. Documentation of such phenomena can be conducted through any recording media capable of capturing ambient sound. However, there are alleged cases where EVP has been noticed through transmitting units.

It is not understood how EVP is produced, taking into consideration the fact that these personalities no longer harbour any organic means to produce sound. What is known, however, is that EVP embeds into background static, such as white noise. As a researcher one becomes curious to the possibilities of EVP embedded in other forms of frequency. Hence the reason why I have conducted experiments using brown noise (sound which replicates Brownian Motion) and pink noise (contains equal amount of energy in each octave band) in a more controlled environment.

Although there have been countless documentations of alleged EVP over the past five decades or so, there is a large portion that has been misinterpreted.

Randomly occurring natural sound (RONS) is often mistaken for EVP (generally classified as a ‘Class C’ EVP – sound that is difficult to understand). This is also referred to as audio paredolia.

In some cases the experimenter has a strong expectation and therefore immediately associates RONS with something that he or she is familiar with, in this case human voice recognition. The pattern of the frequency seems to fit in with sounds (words) produced by human vocal cords, therefore we assume it to be EVP. This is why the experimenter needs to note any form of disturbances not associated with the experiment.
Such misinterpretation is also relevant when a number of individuals are present during the experiment. Members of a group can inadvertently engage into a discreet conversation without the experimenter being aware.

Another possibility is stray radio transmissions. There are microphones and digital recoding media available with inbuilt filters that inhibit stray interferences. However, this kind of inconvenience mostly occurs when attempting to record EVP between radio stations (using white noise as a conduit).
A few years ago I studied an alleged voice phenomenon that was apparently recorded on tape. Upon analysis the conclusion was that the tape was second hand and that the voice was a result of inconsistent overlap over the original recording.

Among the countless misdiagnosed media, only a selected few tend to stand out. These are intelligent responses to specific questions, discounting all conventional explanations.

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